Express Js Static Hosting – There are some requirements that we need to access some files in the browser but if you use
As it runs on the server side, the files are not available automatically. To make this work, we need to make some code changes. So let’s do it.
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Now, if you check the application at http://localhost:5000/ , you will see that there are no errors in the console and the CSS is applied correctly and even the current date is displayed on clicking the button.
Reads the file from top to bottom and stops displaying when it finds the first matching file.
So now, when a request comes to the server for any route and the route you’re trying to access doesn’t exist on the server side, we send
And finally we build a complete food ordering app from scratch with Stripe integration to accept payments and deploy the app to production.
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Level Up – Transforming the Recruitment Process🔥 Enabling software engineers to find the perfect role they love 🧠 Finding talent is the most painful part… jobs..dev In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to build a simple and clean Node.js application with server-side Express Framework and Pug Templates are designed with CSS.
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Look for the 🛠️️ emoji if you want to check things out while focusing on construction steps. The things you build
. If you need to install Node.js and npm, use any official Node.js installer provided for your operating system.
You use nodemon to monitor your project’s source code and automatically restart your Node.js server when it changes.
Testing a Node.js application is beyond the scope of this tutorial. However, performing tests is important to create a robust production-ready web application.
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Gitignore under the project directory to avoid making redundant or sensitive files. Fill that file with the contents of this summary or feel free to use gitignore.io to create your own custom one
The path module provides utilities for working with file and directory paths. You then use it to create cross-platform file paths to access display templates and static assets such as style sheets and images.
To see the application in action. The browser should display the string “WHATABYTE: Food For Devs” on the general page.
Modern web applications are data-driven and require views that can display data dynamically. Although you can create attractive views using static HTML templates, you can’t hydrate them with data from the server.
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Instead, you use a templating engine like Pug to create dynamic views that conditionally render UI elements and that you can hydrate with values from the server. What makes Pug stand out from other offerings is its simple syntax and its support for template inheritance to easily compose pages.
To optimize page composition through templates, you use template inheritance to extend the core layout template that covers the top-level HTML structure of the page.
A variable to make the title of the page document. The value of this variable is sent from the server to the template by the route handler defined in the API, also known as
, then content can be added to that template by first expanding it and then specifying the content of the named block.
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The Pug template does not use HTML tags. Instead, they use HTML element names and whitespace to define their structure. You create a parent-child relationship between elements using indentation.
, by placing the attribute key and value next to the element name and surrounding it in parentheses, resembles a function call structure:
The content of the element may precede the element name on the same line or be indented below:
To connect templates with controllers, you need to configure Express to use Pug as the display template engine.
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To assign a setting name to a value. Several setting names are reserved by Express to configure application behavior, for example
The setting tells Express which directory to use as the source of the display template file. In this case, you set
. It renders the file and sends the given HTML as a string to the client. extension to the default template file
The second argument is optional and represents the object controlled by the controller for the template. These object properties become local variables in the template. therefore,
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Template, you can refresh the browser to see the changes. However, manually refreshing the browser to see updates slows down your development process. To overcome this, you use BrowserSync.
You can emulate the live refresh behavior of front-end frameworks like React and Angular in Express templates using BrowserSync. When CSS rules or function return values are changed, the browser automatically refreshes.
🛠️ Working with BrowserSync is easy. Run the following command to create a configuration file with default options:
File under your project directory, which contains a large number of default settings. You need a small subset of those options to use Browsersync to reload your web pages when you change your project’s code.
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Because Browsersync only creates static servers for native HTML/JS/CSS websites. You still need to run the server
Time in milliseconds to delay refresh events after file changes to prevent Nodemon and Browsersync from overlapping, which can cause erratic behavior.
Check out the “Browser Sync Options” document for more details on all the configuration options Browsersync offers you to optimize your development workflow.
🛠️ Next, create an npm script that configures and runs Browsersync to serve your web pages. Open and update
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🛠️ To set up the user interface of your Express application, run the following command in a separate Terminal window:
“Learn how Browsersync lets you streamline your development workflow when creating server-side rendered applications with Node and Express.” Tweet ThisServe Static Assets with Express
To integrate style sheets and images into the application, you need to configure Express to access and serve static files from the project directory – a process similar to configuring the render engine.
🛠️ Save your changes. To use this style sheet, you need to link it from a template file. Update
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🛠️ Save your changes again. Notice how Browersync reloads the browser and changes the background color of the home page. This is the basis for designing a Pug template in Express using CSS. You can add as many rules and style sheets as you want.
🛠️ The Pug templates you create have CSS classes in their markup to define their layout and presentation. Change the subject
“Learn how to style an Express template using Pug with CSS variables.” Tweet this and add the image to the Express app
Directory and then reference its relative path from whatever element you want to use. Use the image as background
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Don’t forget that indentation is important for proper template creation with Pug. Indents generate child HTML elements.
Directory to get logo in browser tab. Refresh your browser to see this particular change.
Variables are assigned to this view by the controller that created it. To create a controller, open it
To send data from the controller to the template. In this case, you are passing mock user information to the user profile template.
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You’ll use Node.js, Express, Pug, and CSS to create web applications that generate elegant user interfaces with dynamic data by interacting with APIs. You also provide static assets from the server hosting the API.
As a next step, you can learn how to add authentication to Express using Passport.js. Node.js makes securing applications easy and brings many great features to the table.
After you sign up for a free account, you only need to write a few lines of code to get a robust identity management solution with support for single sign-on, social identity providers (such as Facebook, GitHub, Twitter, etc.). and enterprise identity providers (such as Active Directory, LDAP, SAML, Custom, etc.).
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