Domain Name Registration And Web Hosting – Choosing a domain name is one of the most important aspects of creating a website or general online presence.
A domain name is a unique address of a website. It usually contains the name of the website and the extension of the domain name. A memorable domain will boost your marketing and help your audience find your website.
Domain Name Registration And Web Hosting
This beginner-friendly guide will explain everything you need to know about domain names, including how they work and why you need them. We’ll also explain the steps to get domain names and answer frequently asked questions.
Domain Name Life Cycle
A domain name is the equivalent of your website’s physical address. It helps users easily find your site instead of using its Internet Protocol (IP) address. Domain names consisting of a name and a suffix are an important part of the Internet’s infrastructure.
Although a domain name and a Universal Resource Locator (URL) have some similarities, they are different. It acts as a full web address that can direct visitors to a specific web page. The domain name is part of it.
It also contains protocol, domain and method. The protocol indicates whether the site has an SSL certificate. Note that URLs only have a path if they direct visitors to a specific site page.
There is also a fully qualified domain name (FQDN). This refers to the full version of the domain name, which also includes the host name.
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Every website has two main components – a domain name and a web hosting server. All domain names are linked to their respective IP addresses and point to specific web servers that host websites.
When a user types a domain name into a browser, it looks up the associated IP address through a global network of Domain Name System (DNS) servers.
Subsequently, the server with information about the IP address returns it to the web browser, which requests data about the page from the hosting service. This web server stores all the data of the website including its files, database and HTML code.
When the host sends the data back, the web browser converts it into a web page that users can visit.
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Different types of domain names can reveal more information about a website. Here are some of the most common types:
A top-level domain is a domain extension. There are various TLDs available on the Internet, but the most popular are .com domains, which are used by more than 54% of all websites. A popular extension increases organic traffic because users tend to type automatically. Other popular options are the .net, .io, and .store TLDs.
However, a less popular extension such as .online is usually cheaper and can make the domain stand out more. Some examples of cheap domains include .tech, .site and .shop. With the increasing number of new websites being created every day, the popularity of a particular top domain may change in the future.
A country code top-level domain is a country-specific extension. It consists of two letters based on international codes.
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Some sites help to find the correct country codes, such as the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) website. For example, sites from Japan use .jp as their extension, while .us domains are mostly registered for websites based in the US, etc.
A ccTLD is useful for a company that focuses on a specific country. Multinational companies can thus diversify their content in different regions.
For example, the BBC uses bbc.co.uk as its UK domain and targets local residents and bbc.com for an international audience.
The standard top-level domain is an extension that does not depend on the country code. There are no direct ways to get a gTLD. However, some extensions are sponsored by designated agencies or organizations. However, you should be careful not to confuse visitors, as some pages have certain overlaps. For example, the .org extension is associated with the pages of organizations.
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Some generic TLDs are reserved for specific types of registrants. For example, an educational institution might use .edu and a government agency might use .gov. If your company or project is not part of a specific category, you will not be able to use the standard TLDs associated with it, but instead you can use popular extensions such as .com or its first domain .net, .xyz, or .icu.
Above, we focused on different types of extensions. The following are some of the available domain name structures:
A second level domain (SLD) is below the TLD in the domain name sequence. The SLD is the part of the domain name to the left of the last dot. Take for example , – is the SLD and .com is the TLD.
Some domain name registries use a second-level domain to indicate the registration of a particular organization. For example, academic institutions in the United Kingdom usually register websites under .ac.uk.
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A subdomain displays a different partition than the parent domain that shares the same servers. There is no need to register a subdomain. Technically, the www of many URLs is a subdomain indicating that the site is part of the World Wide Web.
The most common reason for creating subdomains is to organize and divide web content into different categories. For example, Google uses developers.google.com to provide specific information for developers.
Another use of a subdomain is to create another website with the same name but in different languages. Take Wikipedia for example – it has a separate subdomain for each language. It uses en.wikipedia.org for the English version and es.wikipedia.org for the Spanish version.
Website builders like WordPress.com or content management systems like Blogger often offer free domain names to new users. Beginners usually use this opportunity to build their website before investing in it.
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A free web address usually has the same structure as domains. For example, instead of tutorials.com, the domain would be tutorials.wordpress.com or tutorials.blogspot.com.
Domain registration is the process of purchasing a domain from a domain name registrar for a specific period of time. On the other hand, domain name transfer refers to the process of moving a domain from one registrar to another.
Start by opening the domain name generator. Use the following domain checker tool to check if the name you want is still available.
To get the right background, consider product and cost. Make sure it’s memorable, engaging and within your budget.
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Popular domain names are often more expensive and may already be taken. Some generators provide options if the desired domain is not available. With a hosting service such as , users can choose a different top-level domain (TLD) with the same name or something different.
After finding a valid domain name, use a trusted registrar to purchase the domain. A list of official domain name registrars can be found on the ICANN website.
After completing the domain registration, you will have access to the control panel and all necessary management tools.
Domain transfer is the process of changing the domain registrar. Since domain registrars offer different support and maintenance, some users will transfer their domains for better services.
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Just enter the domain authorization code or EPP from your current provider and confirm the transfer. The process can take 4 to 7 days.
Unfortunately, some extensions are not portable. However, there is an option to point the nameservers to a specific hosting company if the registrar does not accept a certain TLD. You will need to change your servers for that.
Please note that changing the web server information can only be done where you purchased the domain. However, if your registrar does not allow you to change servers, it is still possible to point the domain to another registrar using an A record.
A domain name is a unique address used to access a website. A custom domain name has many benefits, such as improving memorability, branding and SEO.
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In this article, we explained how domain names work, their different types, and how to register and transfer a domain name.
We hope this article has given you a basic understanding of what a domain name is and how to incorporate it into your online business or project.
Besides “what is the domain name?” we answer some frequently asked questions about domain names:
A domain name is the address of a website. It’s what users type into their browser to access it. On the other hand, a website is a collection of web pages created from files under a single domain.
Website Hosting & Annual Domain Name Registrations Services
You can check who owns a domain name by using an ICANN search. Just type the domain into the search bar and find its contact information. Many domain owners hide their personal information for privacy reasons. If the contact information is hidden, the registrar will provide you with additional information.
Some web hosting providers, including , offer free domain registration (yoursite.com) with their hosting plans. You can also get a free subdomain (yoursite.wordpress.com) using a website builder or CMS such as WordPress.com or Blogger. You can also choose a cheap domain.
To find owners of domains that are registered but not in use, search for the domain in ICANN Lookup or contact the domain registrar.
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