Apa Itu Hosting Di Apache – The term Virtual Server refers to the method of running multiple websites such as host1.domain.com, host2.domain.com or www.domain1.com, www.domain2.com, etc., on a single system. There are two types of Virtual Hosting in Apache, IP-based virtual hosting and name-based virtual hosting. With IP-based virtual hosting, you can host multiple websites or domains on the same system, but each site/domain has a different IP address. With name-based virtual hosting, you can host multiple websites/domains on the same IP address. Virtual hosting can be useful if you want to host multiple websites and domains from a single physical server or VPS. Hope you have a basic idea about Apache virtual server. Today, we will look at how to configure Apache virtual host on Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.
Once apache is installed, check if it works by browsing the apache test page in the browser.
Apa Itu Hosting Di Apache
Let’s create a directory for the first virtual server 1.lan. This directory is needed to store the data of our virtual server.
How To Setup Apache Server For Virtual Host On Ubuntu
The above two directories are owned by the root user. We need to change ownership to a regular user.
We do this because we have created a separate directory for each virtual server to store their data. So we made apache’s root directory read-only for all users except root user.
We have created the necessary directories to store the data of each virtual server, setting the correct permissions. Now it’s time to create some sample pages to serve from each virtual server.
Next, we need to create configuration files for each virtual host. First, do this for page 1.lan.
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Please note that you must save all configuration files with the .conf extension at the end, otherwise it will not work.
After making the necessary changes, disable the default virtual host configuration file i.e. 000.default.conf and enable all newly created virtual host configuration files as shown below.
That’s it. We have successfully configured the virtual server in Apache. Go ahead and check if they work or not.
Please note that if you want to access the virtual host from any remote system, you must add the above lines to the /etc/hosts file of each remote system.
Configure Apache Virtual Host
Congratulations! Now you can access all your web pages. From now on, you can upload data and serve them from different websites.
As you have noticed, we used the same IP address (ie 192.168.225.12) to host two different websites (http://1.lan and http://2.lan). This is what we call name-based virtual hosting. Hope this is useful. I will show you how to configure IP-based virtual hosting in the next tutorial. Until then, stay tuned!
Senthilkumar Palani (aka SK) is the Founder and Editor-in-Chief of . He is a Linux/Unix enthusiast and a supporter of FOSS. He lives in Tamilnadu, India.
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In this post, I will guide you to host multiple websites on a single Apache server in Ubuntu. Use the Apache Virtual Host to configure different domains on your Apache Server.
If you have a server with large hardware resources, you can host multiple websites using virtual hosting to get the most out of it. Apache Virtual Host is one of the useful functions so that you can host multiple websites on one server.
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Host Multiple Websites On Single Cloud Server With Apache
Since attracting visitors through organic means is still important and inexpensive, how can they optimize Magento 2 websites for search engines? Apache virtual servers are like multiple websites running on one server. The server supports two variants of virtual servers.
So this means, the apache server virtual host configuration directive allows us to run multiple websites on one machine. To customers, websites appear to be hosted on separate servers, but in reality they are running on single servers. Yes, there is a limit to the number of websites a host can handle, and this limit depends on the server hardware. We can host as many web pages as the server may require without any performance loss.
In name-based virtual hosting, the server relies on the hostname to distinguish between multiple websites hosted on the server. So it uses the same IP address port combination for all virtual hosts. It is very easy to do because we only need DNS to configure. Hostname resolution to correct the IP address and let the server identify each hostname by placing the hostname in each virtual host configuration directive.
In IP-based virtual hosting, the server must have a unique combination of IP address gateways for different websites, hosted as a virtual server. This can be achieved in two ways. Servers can have multiple physical interfaces with unique IP addresses for each, or virtual interfaces supported by all modern server operating systems.
How To Configure Apache Virtual Hosts In Ubuntu 18.04 Lts
This will create two folders in the specified location. Now it’s time to create the index.html files for the homepages of the respective websites.
Next, you need to configure the configuration files to listen for client requests on a specified interface.
Debian OS versions like Ubuntu have a hierarchy of configuration files. apache2.conf is the main configuration file. To make the necessary changes, we need to edit the apache2.conf and 000-default.conf files. The 000-default.conf file is located in the /etc/apache2/sites-enabled directory.
Find the directive in the 000-default.conf file. By default, you will see the directive. You need to add as many directives as there are web pages. In this case, add two directives.
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To access these websites through the browser, we need to update our local DNS.
So you have successfully hosted two websites, www.example.com and www.example.org on apache’s http server using the name-based virtual host directive.
As I said that in IP based hosting we need a bunch of IP addresses to assign each virtual host a unique IP or we can also use virtual interface concepts.
The only change we need to deal with here is to assign each virtual host a unique ip-address port combination in the 000-default.conf file. It is done like this…
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With Ip-based virtual servers, we explicitly assign a unique IP address to each website. Servers use this IP address to distinguish between servers. We don’t need to mention any Hostname here but I mentioned it. We also don’t need to make any changes in the apache2.conf file. With all this in place, your server configuration for IP-based virtual hosts is complete. Update the hosts file as you did before. Replace the lines you added earlier
If you don’t set up your ethernet interface nic you won’t be able to experience the virtual server on your ubuntu machine.
This is a small forum where I share my meager knowledge and experience with you. Thanks to everyone who helped me achieve this. Apache Soft is a powerful open source web server. Apache web server used cpanel and many others. Nowadays, people often think of virtual servers based on name. It is served from the Apache web server. So I will step by step configure the virtual host based name on your server.
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How To Create Virtual Host On Apache Web Server Using Ubuntu 14.04 » Technologyrss[email protected]:~# apt-get install apache2 apache2-utils php5 libapache2-mod-php5 php5-mcrypt Step #02: Once the installation is complete, go to the directory to set up the virtual server. [email protected]:~# cd /etc/apache2/sites-available/ Step #03: Create or open the tech1.conf file for site one. Command to create file touch tech1.conf [email protected]: /etc/apache2/sites-available # vi tech1.conf [email protected]: /etc/apache2/sites-available # apache2 service reload Step #06: Now create a web directory /var/www/html/tech1 and then create an index.html or index. new php.
Final Step: Now test your two created websites. Go to browser and enter your ip address and folder name as below
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Install And Configure Apache On Windows
I am a system administrator with Windows and Linux background. I have 4 years of experience from the professional period. I need to configure a Linux based system like Asterisk VOIP system, Network Monitoring Tool (ZABBIX), Virtualization (XEN Server), Cloud Computing (Apache CloudStack) etc. Now sharing my professional skills with everyone interested.
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